Značilnosti raka požiralnika in raka želodca
Characteristics of oesophageal and gastric cancers
Abstract (Eng)According to the Globocan data, a total of 12.7 million people were diagnosed with cancer and 7.6 million people died of this disease in 2008. As many as 56% of new cancer cases and 63% of cancer deaths were recorded in less developed regions of the world. The most common cancers were lung cancer (1.61 million; 12.7% of all cases), breast cancer (1.38 million, 10.9% of all cases) and colorectal cancer (1.23 million, 9.7% of all cases). The leading causes of cancer-related death were lung cancer (1.38 million, 18.2% of all cancer deaths), gastric cancer (738 thousand, 9.7% of all cancer deaths) and liver cancer (696 thousand, 9.2% of all cancer deaths). Projections of the cancer burden are even grimmer. In 2030, a total of 20.3 million people will be newly diagnosed with cancer, and 13.2 million people will die from this disease. The incidence is thus said to increase by 75% and to almost double in less developed countries compared to 2008. Cancer will become the leading cause of morbidity in every country of the world. Everywhere, we will witness an increase in the share of colorectal cancer, breast cancer and prostate cancer, while the most developed countries will also note an increase in lung cancer in women. The incidence of gastric and cervical cancers will drop, as will the incidence of lung cancer in men in the developed countries (2).
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